Tuesday, October 7, 2014

External Text Features

Here is an analogy to show the difference between Text Structures and External Text Features:

Text Structures (Internal) 

Internal Text Structure is like the basic building that is constructed for its particular use.
A mall will be different from a school or a church or a home.
Some texts are compare and contrast, some are sequence, some are cause and effect, some are central idea and support, and so on. 

Writing the text is like building the mall or the school or the home. 

External Text Features 
External Text Features

(Where do you usually hear the word “Features” used?)

What's your 

Best Feature?  (See this link for a definition of "feature.")

One response:  My best feature is my long, silky hair. 

What external text feature could you compare with the signs over aisles in a grocery story? 
See the list below. 

What external text feature could you compare with the map you find in the mall?
See the list below. 

Are there other features of a store or a mall or other place you might shop that could represent external text features?
Maybe the address numbers on a shop in a strip mall could be compared to page numbers.
Perhaps posters on the walls (which are illustrations) could be compared to illustrations in a chapter or book.
How about shop windows?  Which external text feature might those be like?

 Some External Text Features:
table of contents
numbers on the bottom of the page

titles at the top of each page
chapter titles
headings and subheadings
captions on illustrations
graphs, charts, tables
bolding or highlighting of letters
different fonts

External Text Features - Posters

More: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/top-teaching/2013/04/navigating-nonfiction-text-common-core-classroom-part-1