Wednesday, March 23, 2011

Chart for Examples and Non-Examples of Simile and Metaphor

Understanding Simile and Metaphor
simile. A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, (e.g., as brave as a lion).
metaphor  a figure of speech in which one object is likened to another (that is unlike it in most ways) by speaking of it as if it were that other.  (e.g., Life is a rollercoaster.)
Simile and Metaphor
Not Simile or Metaphor
Other figurative language
Literal (means what it says)
Life is like a dream. (or)
Life is as fleeting as a dream.
Life is a dream.
Time is money.
Life slapped me up the side of the face. (personification)
Life is short.
Life is difficult.
He was strong as an ox.
He was a mountain of a man.
That point guard must have been ten feet tall. (Hyperbole  - exaggerageration)
He looked like Arnold Schwarzenegger.
He was as tall as his father.
“The rain sounded like bullets.” – The Cay, p. 77
The raindrops were bullets.
The clouds angrily threw everything they had at us.  (personification)
It rained hard.
The rain soaked our clothes.
created April 22, 2011 by Ms. Dorsey  -- published originally here April 23, 2011

And more examples:

Alan Ferko's face turned as red as Bo Peep's pigtail ribbons. -- Jerry Spinelli, Stargirl (2000)

"He [felt] a throbbing like a snake slithering in and out of the tendons in his left leg." -- Kim Russon writing Giver Chapt 24, 2/4/03

Another sample simile: from Heat by Mike Lupica, pg 3
"He . . . saw the fat cop. . . wobbling like a car with a flat tire. . . . "


And, of course, metaphor can go astray!

Metaphor and Simile – Bad Examples

Subject: FUN - Metaphorically speaking
From: "Shawn Holmstead"
Date: Fri, November 09, 2007 3:57 pm

Every year, English teachers from across the USA can submit their
collections of actual analogies and metaphors found in high school
essays. These excerpts are published annually to the amusement of
teachers across the country. Here are some recent winners.

1. Her face was a perfect oval, like a circle that had its two sides
gently compressed by a Thigh Master.

2. His thoughts tumbled in his head, making and breaking alliances
like underpants in a dryer without Cling Free.

3. He spoke with the wisdom that can only come from experience, like a
guy who went blind because he looked at a solar eclipse without one of
those boxes with a pinhole in it and now goes around the country
speaking at high schools about the dangers of looking at a solar
eclipse without one of those boxes with a pinhole in it.

4. She grew on him like she was a colony of E. Coli, and he was
room-temperature Canadian beef.

5. She had a deep, throaty, genuine laugh, like that sound a dog makes
just before it throws up.

6. Her vocabulary was as bad as, like, whatever.

7. He was as tall as a six-foot, three-inch tree.

8. The revelation that his marriage of 30 years had disintegrated
because of his wife's infidelity came as a rude shock, like a
surcharge at a formerly surcharg e-free ATM machine.

9. The little boat gently drifted across the pond exactly the way a
bowling ball wouldn't.

10. McBride fell 12 stories, hitting the pavement like a Hefty bag
filled with vegetable soup.

11. From the attic came an unearthly howl. The whole scene had an
eerie, surreal quality, like when you're on vacation in another city
and Jeopardy comes on at 7:00 p.m. Instead of 7:30.

12. Her hair glistened in the rain like a nose hair after a sneeze.

13. The hailstones leaped from the pavement, just like maggots when
you fry them in hot grease.

14. Long separated by cruel fate, the star-crossed lovers raced across
the grassy field toward each other like two freight trains, one having
left Cleveland at 6:36 p.m. travelling at 55 mph, the other from
Topeka at 4:19 p.m. at a speed of 35 mph.

15. They lived in a typical suburban neighbourhood with picket fences
that resembled Nancy Kerrigan's teeth.

16. John and Mary had never met. They were like two hummingbirds who
had also never met.

17. He fell for her like his heart was a mob informant, and she was
the East River .

18. Even in his last years, Granddad had a mind like a steel trap,
only one that had been left out so long, it had rusted shut.

19. Shots rang out, as shots are wont to do.

20. The plan was simple, like my brother-in-law Phil. But unlike Phil,
this plan just might work.

21. The young fighter had a hungry look, the kind you get from not
eating for a while.

22. He was as lame as a duck. Not the metaphorical lame duck, either,
but a real duck that was actually lame, maybe from stepping on a land
mine or something.

23. The ballerina rose gracefully en Pointe and extended one slender
leg behind her, like a dog at a fire hydrant.

24. It was an American tradition, like fathers chasing kids around
with power tools.

25. He was deeply in love. When she spoke, he thought he heard bells,

as if she were a garbage truck backing up.