Tuesday, March 3, 2009

External Text Features

External Text Features Facilitate Reading!

Utah State Core Standard 1 (Reading): Students will use vocabulary development and an understanding of text elements and structures to comprehend literary and informational grade level text. Objective 2. a. Identify external text features to enhance comprehension (i.e., headings, subheadings, pictures, captions, bolded words, graphs, charts, and tables of contents).

Take Notes:   Copy the large words: 
There are three main types of external text features:
1. organizational aids such as table of contents, appendices, bibliographies, glossaries, and indexes.
2. typographical or format clues such as italics, boldface, different color print, footnotes, blank spaces.
3. comprehension aides such as introductory or summary statements, headings, subheadings, sidebar text, graphs, charts, illustrations, and guide questions.  titles, captions, tables 

Make sure you can recognize these. 

Underline or circle or add them on your notes from last time. 

  1. captions
  2. graphs and charts
  3. tables
  4. table of contents
  5. index
  6. glossary
  7. titles
  8. headings
  9. subheadings
  10. bolded words 

Make sure you can recognize 
captions  (tell you about photos, pictures, other illustrations)
graphs and charts  -- a graph is a drawing illustrating the relations between certain quantities plotted with reference to a set of axes -- http://dictionary.kids.net.au/word/graph

tables -  A table presents information in rows and columns.
table of contents -- found at the beginning of a book, it is a list of divisions (chapters or articles) and the pages on which they start
index -- (in a nonfiction book, monograph, etc.) a more or less detailed alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussed, usually at the back of the book. -- dictionary.com
glossary -- 1.  a list of terms in a special subject, field, or area of usage, with accompanying definitions.   2.  such a list at the back of a book, explaining or defining difficult or unusual words and expressions used in the text. -- dictionary.com
titles -- the distinguishing name of a book, poem, picture, piece of music, or the like. -- dictionary.com
headings -- a main division, as of a  book, lecture, speech, essay, etc. -- http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-definition/heading
subheadings --   Subheadings are titles that divide part of a piece of writing into shorter sections. -- http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-cobuild/sub-heading
bolded words  -- (also called bold face)   a weight of type characterized by thick heavy lines -- http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-definition/bolded

Pages about Particular External Text Features
   Captions with opportunities for extra credit!