Writing/Grammar 2016-2017

Argument Writing Terms

Argument Writing: •A type of writing that states a position on a topic and defends it

Hook: •A sentence or sentences that will engage your reader – get their attention

Claim/Thesis: •A sentence that states your position and includes your main reason

Introduction: •The first paragraph of an essay

Topic Sentence: •The sentence near the beginning of the paragraph that states the central idea of the paragraph

Background Information: •The information the reader needs to understand a topic and why it is being discussed

Body Paragraph: •A paragraph that comes between the introduction and the conclusion

Transitions: Words or groups of words that connect ideas and show relationships

Formal Style: Writing that does not include contractions or the pronouns "you" or "I"

Reasons: Logical main points to support a claim

Using Reasons in Argument

Evidence: Facts, examples, statistics, etc. that support a claim

Reliable Sources

Explanation: explains the evidence and shows how it supports your reasons/claim

Counterclaim/Opposing Claim: an opposing argument; something the other side would say 

Rebuttal: proving why a counterclaim (opposing claim) is wrong using reasons and evidence

Conventions: correct spelling, capitalization, and punctuation

Citation: giving the source of the evidence

Conclusion: sums up the main point of the whole essay


====================Previous Years ==========================


Handouts and Links for Essays:

Argument Rubric.docx and add 2 citations within the body of the essay. 

Example of and Directions for a Works Cited List

Another sample: 
Zoos Argument Essay Color-Coded:

Do you need another example for the argument essay?

Summer Persuasive Essay


Sample Informational Essay

Sample : Informational Essay about King Tut

Whom did you choose?


What is a Contraction?

Argument Writing Compared to Informational Writing

What is a Contraction?

On citing sources:  When you cite a source, you can't just tell the database you used.  That is like someone asking you where you bought your shoes, and instead of telling them which store, just telling them that it was somewhere they could get to by driving on I-15.   And never, never, say you found it on Google.  That is like saying you bought your shoes somewhere in this universe.

Beware of Plagiarism!

Remember to "read yourself full, think yourself hot, then let yourself go!" 
In other words, read from several sources, think about it and organize your thoughts to decide what you want to say, then write!  After you have written, go back to find quotes you want use (and carefully cite), and to check the accuracy of what you've written. 

Quality Standards for Written Work
When you are to hand in a quality draft, make sure your work meets these standards:
  1. The product should be neat and legible. 
  2. Use 8 1/2x 11" paper unless otherwise indicated.
  3. The paper should be smooth-edged (no spiro-bits).
  4. Type it, or write using standard blue or black ink.
  5. Use type fonts indicated by the teacher.
  6. Write on only one side of the paper.
  7.  Follow any additional requirements in the assignment. 
  • Any work that you hand in should be legible and neat.  If we can't read it, we can't give you points for it. 
  • If it is messy, wrinkled, or torn, it presents a bad impression of your effort, attitude, and degree of respect for the teacher and class,  and will most likely receive less points.  
Special Note:
  • Do not EVER rip pages from your composition book. You will be using those all year, and they should be kept neat.

Argument Writing -- Terms You Need to Know:  Argument Writing Vocabulary.pptx

Here is some very helpful information for writing argument:

What is the difference between 
argument writing and informational writing? 


Argument Writing Compared to Informational Writing


Parts of Speech lists: http://www.momswhothink.com/reading/list-of-adjectives.html

Another teacher posted this.  It's funny, but does reflect how teachers feel about some of the fonts students choose!

Last Year:
To prepare for the available retake on Text Structure, see the teacher for a practice packet.  Identify the text structures of the paragraphs, and afterward we'll talk about them.

October 7, 2014 -- Some students have begun writing this assignment.

Causes of Good Grades MyAccess Assignment

Resources for Information to Use as You Write the Essay about Causes of Good Grades
We will be working on this over several weeks.  It is informative writing. 

Here is a fine point for grammar and usage: 
Generally, when it is followed by a vowel sound, the article "a" becomes "an."
an apple, an onion, an elephant, an idea, an apron  (Though I was told by a expert in English grammar and usage that originally "an apron" was "a napron.")